Tuesday, March 17, 2015

Women and Organic Farming: Ending Hunger One Garden at a Time

MANILA, Philippines – There is the notion that a clear divide exists between men and women when it comes to roles in an agricultural family: fathers and sons should work in the field while mothers and daughters take care of the household.
Perpetuated by the patriarchal society, women are often left on the side as their skills are often underappreciated.
This has been continually challenged by Kasarian-Kalayaan, Inc. (SARILAYA), a group of grassroots women’s organizations.
The group aims to eliminate poverty and empower women by access to information for the development of needed skills. These acquired skills can help them promote a healthy lifestyle not just for the family but for the whole community.
Malaki ang papel ng kababaihan sa pagtiyak na tama ang kinakain ng pamilya at ng lipunan,” Monina Geaga said. “Kahit kadalasa’y sila’y naiiwan sa bahay, malaki pa rin ang kanilang responsibilidad.”
(Women have a big role in ensuring the right nutrition of the family and community. Even if they often stay at home, they still have great responsibility.)
Women for organic
SARILAYA believes that organic agriculture is an important key to elevating the lives of poverty-stricken families, especially in the rural areas. 
“The Philippines is very rich and diverse in resources,” Geaga emphasized. “Pero marami pa rin sa atin ang lugmok sa kahirapan.” (A lot of us are still under the poverty line.)
Organic agriculture is a type of farming which makes use of natural or ecosystem management than relying on external agricultural inputs, the Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) explained. By staying organic, potential environmental impacts – especially brought about by climate change – of synthetic products can be prevented.
In their own way, SARILAYA is trying to end this through education. 
Sa pagtuturo ng organic agriculture sa mga kababaihan ng pamilya ay mas marami ang nakakakuha ng benepisyo nito,” Gaega explained. “Mas napapaunlad pa nila ito sa kanilang komunidad, nagkaroon ng increase sa income at improvement sa kanilang kinakain.”
(By teaching organic agriculture to women, more people benefit from it. They also propagate this in their own communities, increase their income, and improve what they eat.)
To date, more than 200 women have started organic farming through the NGO. They now have small vegetable gardens in the comfort of their own backyards where they can source ingredients for their meals. (READ: Making farming work in the big city)
Marami sa atin ay wala naman malalaking lupain kaya mabuti ang small gardens,” Gaega said. “Hindi naman talaga kailangan ng malaking lupa para mag-umpisa sa organic farming, basta nasa puso mo na gusto mo talaga umpisahan ito.
(A lot of us do not own hectares of land so small gardens will do. You really don’t need a huge chunk of land to start organic farming as long as you have the will to do it.)
Support, money needed
In the Philippines, this is supported by the Republic Act 10068, or the Agriculture Act of 2010, which aims to “promote and help implement the practice of organic agriculture in the country.”
However, this is a flaw in the implementation of the law, several non-governmental organizations said, as evident in the growing debate over genetically-modified organisms (GMOs) in the country, especially the Golden Rice variety. 
According to Gaega, the Philippine government should just focus on other means to solve the problem of vitamin A deficiency the Golden Rice is supposedly trying to end.
Dalhin na lamang ang malaking pondo sa pagsuporta sa organic farming kesa sa GMOs,” she said. “Bakit natin gugulin pa ang malaking halaga sa golden rice kung maraming gulay ang malakas ang vitamin A?”
(They should just bring the huge fund to support organic farming than in GMOs. Why would they spend a lot on developing Golden Rice if there are already a lot of vegetables that are rich in vitamin A?)
Despite the benefits of GMOs cited by scientists, there is still growing opposition from anti-GMO advocates due to the alleged possible negative effects of GMOs on humans. They contend it is not a safe choice. 
Organic farming is still the best way to ensure the health of one's family, SARILAYA claimed.
"Magtanim tayo ng gulay para sigurado tayo na maayos ang ating kinakain," Gaega said. (Let's plant vegetables so we are sure we're eating healthy.)
Written by: Jodesz Gavilan

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